The Art of Public Speaking written by Dale Carnegie has the power to overcome your biggest fears in a jiffy. This book is not just a book but is the key to your bright future. Read it today and start becoming a good speaker. so that you can go higher
Mark Twain says that the only way to overcome the fear of public speaking is to speak in front of people.
If you’ve ever felt like standing in front of a crowd makes your heart beat faster and your palms get sweaty, you’re not alone. Did you know that one of the most popular fear in the world is public speaking?
According to a study by the National Institute of Mental Health, about 75% of people are afraid of public speaking. Did you know that the fear of public speaking, also known as glossophobia, studies have shown that people are more afraid of public speaking than dying! This is an interesting thing that sheds light on how deeply this fear can impact us.
But do you know what’s even more interesting? There are countless stories of people who faced this fear boldly and won. Many famous and successful people have also been afraid of public speaking at some point in their lives. For example, Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, and Oprah Winfrey all admitted that they were afraid of public speaking before they became successful.
Friends, public speaking is a word which most of us are very afraid of. How to talk to people? How to speak with confidence on stage? How to record video properly for social media? How to talk in a candid interview? How to talk to the boss for appraisal? How to propose for marriage?
For all things, it is very important to be adept at public speaking. Remember that person whose way of speaking you like very much. His public speaking is amazing. You also want to communicate with the millions of people who are like that person. To have a positive impact on them. If all the same is going on in your mind, then this summary can change your life.
Today we are going to talk about the book “The Art Of Public Speaking”. Which is written by Bestselling Author, Dale Carnegie.
To understand this book better, we have discussed it in 12 chapters. So let us understand everything in detail one by one.
Speaking in front of people
Public Speaking is a way through which you can express your feelings to other people, in earlier times when people could not meet, they used to convey their feelings to others by writing.
This method first came about 450 years ago in Egypt, when people used to express their feelings to each other by writing, but with time people learned the language and then learned to use that language to convey their thoughts to others.
Public speaking is different from this procedure, which is referred to as conversation. When you talk to one person, it is called conversation, when you say something in front of many people, it is called public speaking. When you are in a conversation with someone, you can say whatever is on your mind, and there is no need for much planning, and you can even use your daily common spoken words.
In public speaking, you have to plan in advance what to say and how to say it. Here formal language has to be used instead of colloquial words. Here are some things we should keep in mind while public speaking:
We have to understand the arguments of our audience and their feedback. We cannot do this by telling our points and not listening to the audience at all. In such a situation, the audience will lose interest in your speech. For this, keep taking feedback from your audience from time to time.
Connect emotionally with the audience and present your points with facts.
Whatever message you want to convey through your speech, convey it clearly to the audience.
Ethics and public speaking
The Art of public speaking is to get the desired response from the listeners, but not at any cost, meaning if the listeners like your talk then only then they will clap for you. You cannot force them to clap. Public speaking is like a power, so there are many responsibilities associated with it.
Being a public speaker, it is your duty to tell the right things to the people, but some people misuse it and give wrong knowledge to the people, taking advantage of their skills in the name of greed for money or anything else.
By manipulating people with their words, they make them agree to their cause. The ethics of public speaking says that if you do not know something or you do not have any special knowledge about a subject then do not tell others and first learn it yourself and then tell others. And never lie.
What comes to your mind when you first hear the word listening? Perhaps you might be thinking that it means listening, but no, listening and hearing are two different words. Listening means listening to anything, understanding it and then giving your reaction on it. Whereas the other word hearing means just listening to something and giving whatever reaction comes to your mind. Both these words have different meanings.
When you are talking to someone, listening to them, then you will call it hearing, where you are speaking your words and also listening to the other person. When you do public speaking or you sit in front of a public speaker as an audience, then you listen, meaning you keep every small word, every small thing in your mind, try to understand it. And then give your reaction.
To become a good speaker, first become a good listener. Research has shown that we are able to remember only 50 percent of what we hear. This is because we often want to express our views before listening, due to which our mind gets divided in two directions and we are not able to concentrate 100% on any one thing.
Therefore, to become a good public speaker, it is very important to understand your audience well, so whenever your audience says something to you, you have to remain completely silent, so that you can understand their point well. Do not keep speaking only about yourself and not being able to understand what they are saying or if you are going as an audience then listen to your public speaker first and then say your point so that both of you understand each other well. Could.
The first way to give a speech
For a public speaker, his first speech is very critical. When you are going to give your first speech, you are going to become a public speaker from the audience and you do not have any experience yet. Therefore, here the author has given some methods which you should adopt for your first speech:
To interact with the audience
Talk to your audience, because if you start with your topic as soon as you leave, no one will enjoy it and no one will take interest in your speech. By spending the first 2 or 3 minutes talking to the audience and asking them about their well-being and the purpose of their visit, they will like your behavior and will want to listen carefully and understand your words.
Focus on topic
After talking to your audience:
- Focus completely on the topic
- Gradually tell people about your topic.
- But tell the audience as much as is necessary.
If your topic is related to science and you tell people about deep science rather than daily life science, then people will not take interest in your talk and their interest will end in your speech at that very moment. Keep people engaged with your words. Use colloquial formal words in your talks, do not use heavy words so that everyone can understand it and the audience remains connected with you.
organize your speech
Plan your speech thoroughly and speak. Planning is important so that one remains clear about which thing to say first will have a good impact on the audience and which thing to say later. First start with the introduction, then gradually move to the main body of your topic.
Try to cover every important part of your topic in the main body and then complete it by telling the advantages and disadvantages of your topic while concluding, in this way your speech will remain completely organized and people will listen. I too will enjoy it.
Selecting a Topic
While selecting any topic for your speech, keep in mind that either you should know that topic well or that topic should be new to everyone. Like, if you know very well about electric vehicles. If you know everything from making them to launching them in the market and buying them, then you can tell the public about them very well. Or like the cryptocurrency topic is new for many people and everyone wants to know about this topic.
So find out the details about it, understand it and tell it to the public. They will want to hear about it because this is a very new topic and everyone wants to know it. If you do not know much about a topic and the audience is a little experienced, then cover only its overview. This will maintain balance.
Analyze the Audience
Before giving a speech, you have to understand who your audience is and what they want. If there are people sitting in your audience who are not happy with married life and want to enjoy a happy married life, then by talking about the reasons for this happening, its influence and ways to fix it, they will feel connected with you. If possible, share some of your personal experience related to this with them.
To find out the interest of your audience, first talk to them, ask them where they are from? What is the purpose of coming here? By talking a little like this, you will get to know what kind of mentality they have and what they really want to hear.
Support your ideas and speech
Along with preparing your speech, using some supporting things along with your speech builds trust and people are able to understand the meaning of the things well. Supporting material means everything that makes the speech better.
For example, suppose your topic is electric vehicles, how many people would know about it, but if you take a picture of an electric vehicle or make a presentation related to it in your laptop so that people can understand it better. So you will understand more about your speech and things will be understood better. Along with this, during the speech, keep asking some questions from your audience, answer them or ask someone from the audience to answer.
Use physical examples
Now talk to your audience and find out what the response is, whether they are having a positive or negative approach towards the speech. If their response is good, then call some of them on the stage and relate them to your speech in a humorous manner. Ask them to do some small task. This makes the audience feel good and they are able to relate well to what the speaker is saying.
Tell a story or incident
Let us take an example for this, suppose your topic is related to Indian culture, then to explain it, you can share any old anecdote of yours or tell any story related to it, which will arouse interest in the audience to listen more.
Use numerical data
With data, we understand things within a few moments and start building trust, so along with expressing your views verbally, keep showing data for support. By listening only verbally, people remember the thing for some time whereas with data like graph or diagram, it is understood more clearly.
Use Motivational quotes
By inserting some motivational quotes from time to time in the speech, the audience remains motivated and starts paying attention to the speaker again without getting bored.
Organize the Body of the Speech
At this point you will learn how to organize your speech well, so that you can make people understand your point from beginning to end. If you ever say anything in your speech, no one will be able to understand what you are saying, therefore it is very important to organize your speech. Now here are some points through which you can organize your speech:
Start with light conversation and introductions
While starting your speech, first talk to your audience and find out how they are feeling and how they think about the topic of this speech. After that, start telling the smallest part of your topic and the thing which should come first.
While telling, we also have to ask some questions from the audience so that they get interested in the topic from the very beginning. Keep in mind that do not go too deep in the beginning, just talk a little and interact with the audience and make a connection.
follow spatial order
After giving a small introduction in your speech, now you have to come to the main body of your speech where you have to go in depth about your topic.
This order means tell the facts following a sequence. For example, if you are talking about the goodness of something, then talk about its goodness, then about its shortcomings and then about the ways to correct those shortcomings.
keep the main points separate
All the important points in the speech and on the basis of which the entire speech will be prepared, have to be kept separate and your examples have to be kept separate. If you mix both together then the audience will not be able to understand what is more important and what is not, what they should pay more attention to and what less. Therefore, keep your important points separate from other examples, by doing this you will be able to present your point effectively.
Beginning and End of Speech
However, by now you have understood that we have to start our speech with a light introduction.
Now here are some additional methods which can prove useful in making the beginning and ending of the speech attractive. So for this adopt these methods:
Connect topic with audience
Please give them a brief overview of your issue before asking them questions. After you’ve gotten the answer, ask the audience more questions by saying anything connected to their speech so they understand what the topic is about today. It’s going to happen, and the audience should mentally prepare themselves.
For this, give them a little introduction about your topic, then ask them some questions and after getting the answers, after saying something related to their talk, ask the next question to someone else from the audience, so that they understand what today’s topic is about. It is going to happen and the audience should be mentally prepared for it.
Start with Quotation
After the introduction, first of all you have to start your speech with a famous line or famous quotation so that people feel motivated and start taking interest in the speech.
Tell the story
Since childhood, we like to listen to stories, the things learned from the story directly go into our subconscious mind. Therefore, after giving the introduction and saying a motivated line, now tell the audience an incident or story related to the speech.
Use audio equipment or visual aids
Now after telling the story to our audience, we have now come to the main body of our speech where we are telling about our speech. During this, instead of explaining your points just by speaking, show photos or videos related to it.
summarize your speech
Now you have finished more than half of your speech and now you have to move towards the ending, so now you start reducing your speech gradually and start asking more questions from the audience. So that they understand that your speech is about to end and can respond to you accordingly. By doing this you can also make the end of your speech enjoyable.
End with a quotation and good luck
You should end your speech with a motivational quote similar to the one you used at the beginning and wish the audience success. This will create a positive impression of you in their minds and encourage them to read your speech again the following time. Prepare yourselves to enter.
Till now we have seen how to deliver a speech in front of an audience. Now you are going to know what things have to be kept in mind when you are writing a speech for yourself. And how can we write a speech so that there are no mistakes in it and it becomes an exciting speech? Here are some points to write a good speech:
When a speaker goes on stage and speaks, it is not just written on a paper, everything about it is written, from when to say which line, what is the introduction, what is the main body and what is the ending. When to give an example of what, when to ask which question to the audience and where to speak again. We call this process preparation outline.
Be perfect about the goal of your speech.
For this you have to keep in mind what to give in the most important points of your speech i.e. main body or you can understand it in another way that what should be the title of your speech.
We have to write what our speech is going to be, like if the speech is in any country then first of all we have to write the name of that country and extract everything online or from whatever resources you have. This is part of our first step where we have to decide what will be the title of the speech and the speech will be on this topic.
Identify the introduction, body, and conclusion
Now after deciding the title of your speech, you have to see which part to put in the introduction of the speech, which part to put in the body and which part to put at the end of the speech. Because if we do not decide well as to when and what to say, then our entire speech may go back and forth and the audience will not understand anything. To maintain interest among the audience, everything has to be said at the right time so that they can understand it.
Maintain a flow throughout the speech, lest you start saying something else and then start saying something else due to which your point gets misinterpreted and the audience loses interest. For this you have to keep in mind that if we are talking about the goodness of something, then we still have to talk about its goodness only. If there is something wrong about it, then first we have to complete the good thing and then we have to say something bad about it. .
So that the audience can understand that earlier it was good and now it is wrong. By mixing the two into one, they won’t understand at all what you are trying to say and they will lose interest.
Use language smartly
The language you use in speech should be clear and connected to the audience. Language here means in what tone you are talking. Keep in mind whether what you are saying is being misunderstood by the other person or whether what you are trying to say is written correctly but you are not able to speak it properly.
Speak very comfortably during your entire speech, now speaking comfortably does not mean speaking slowly. It may be that there is something in the topic that you do not like, but you can speak negatively while speaking against it, due to which Some people may be angry with you. Therefore, you have to speak only what you have written or what is fact.
If realistic things can hurt someone, then keep your words in such a way that the audience does not feel bad and also understands the meaning of the thing.
Chapter 12. Delivery Getting the message across
By now have you understood how to write your speech? What things must be there in the speech? Which language to use? How to keep our audience engaged, that is, what to say continuously so that our audience remains interested in the speech.
Now let us see that the most important thing while giving a speech is to convey the message to the audience, that is, the way of speaking or telling anything. Think for yourself, of all the public speakers you have seen till date, have you ever seen them speaking in a slow manner?
Whatever they say, they say it with passion and clarity. Due to this, the influence and confidence of his words starts increasing.
Personal appearance means how any person comes in front of you. Just think about it, if you are going on the stage wearing only shorts and t-shirt for a speech, will the person in front of you take you seriously or will he listen to you? will believe? No, because you did not appear before him in the way he wanted.
That is, when we think of a public speaker, we envision a male dressed in a suit and boots. So you always give your speech as the same gentleman. or at the very least, dress formally.
Gestures – Movement of the speaker’s hands and shoulders during the speech.
The first thing has been done right by getting ready by wearing a suit, now to focus on the second skill, take care of your body posture and hand action. Keep changing your body movements according to the speech. For example, instead of giving a motivational speech just by sitting on a chair, if you give a motivational speech while standing, meeting people with your hands open, asking them some questions and giving some answers to them, then the audience will get interested and they will understand what you are saying. Will find and be able to believe.
Look in the eyes
The third most important thing is eye connection. Where you are looking while giving a speech plays an important role in making an impact on your audience. Pay attention that you are not looking at any wall, fan or any other public speaker. If you see this then it shows nervousness.
This shows that you lack confidence. Due to this, the audience will not be able to believe what you say and will not take interest in your speech. Therefore, while giving a speech, always look into the eyes of your audience, this shows confidence which increases our trust and interest among the audience.
So friends, in this summary you learned the art of public speaking, through which you can confidently convey your message to others. Let us now review the lessons learned to make it easier to remember:
Prepare your speech keeping in mind the interest of your audience and keep taking feedback from your audience from time to time.
Being a public speaker, it is your duty to tell people the right things.